The direct payment of benefits scheme is being tested by landlords across Great Britain in six pilot projects.
6,200 tenants were paid directly in the first four months of the pilot project, according to figures released by the Department for Work and Pensions. On average, 92% of rent was collected, meaning that 8% of those tenants in the pilot scheme were in arrears, around double the normal figure. As a result, a total of 316 tenants have now been switched back to payment of benefit to the landlord.
The year-long projects are testing direct payment of housing benefit ahead of the roll out of universal credit next October. Universal credit, which combines a number of benefits into one monthly payment, will be paid direct to tenants in a bid to encourage claimants to be responsible for their finances. This has raised concerns that landlords’ rent arrears could rise, affecting credit ratings and their ability to borrow cheaply.
Each of the projects are testing different circumstances under which payment can be switched back to the landlord. They are also being used to test which groups of people should be exempt from direct payment and what kinds of support they need.
Rent collection levels in the project ranged from 88% to 97%.
Lord David Freud, minister for welfare reform, said: “Direct payments of benefits will help people to step into the workplace without the many institutional barriers that now exist. However, we have always been clear that exemptions must be in place alongside the right support for those who need it and the demonstration projects are showing us and the housing community the steps that must be taken”.
The Department for Work and Pensions has come under pressure to reveal findings from the project. It had indicated it would publish data last month, but received criticism from the housing sector when it only published findings from a survey carried out before the pilots instead.
Gavin Smart, director of policy and practice at the Chartered Institute of Housing, welcomed the publication of the latest data.
He said: “The arrears percentage in this report is too high and would be hard for landlords to support in the longer term, but the pilot projects are still in their early stages and we hope collection levels will increase once the new systems and approaches begin to bed in. The six areas are trialling different rent collection processes and switchback mechanisms and as the pilots continue we hope more information will be released about how each system has worked”.